New York State Two Cylinder Expo

New York State John Deere Expo Association
Expo XV
Feature Tractors
In the early 1950’s John Deere recognized the need for a new line of tractors to meet the needs of the farmers of the world. The result was the introduction of five new models over a three-year period beginning in 1953. The new models were the 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80. These new models replaced the M, B, A, G, and R respectively. The model 40 was produced in Dubuque, Iowa. The models 50 through 80 were produced in Waterloo, Iowa.
Model 60 owned by Joe Huey of Skaneateles, New York
Key features of the new models included:

1. Engine improvements resulting in higher horsepower than the previous models
     a. The use of a duplex (2 barrel) carburetor
     b. Improved combustion chamber design, “Cyclonic Fuel Intake”
     c. Pressurized cooling system with water pump
2. Live power take off and live hydraulics
3. Improved 3-point hitch
4. Rack and pinion rear wheel track adjustment
5. Power steering (introduced in 1954)
6. LP gas fuel option
7. Diesel fuel option for the model 70
The model 60 was introduced first in 1952 (some consider the tractors built in 1952 to be 1953 models). The models 50, 40, and 70 were released in 1953. The 80 was first produced in 1955. A wide variety tractor configurations were available. Some of these include:
1. Row crop
2. Wide front axle
3. Standard 
4. High crop
5. Orchard
6. Single front wheel
Model 80 owned by Jim Loree of Penn Yan, New York
The model 40 may have had the largest number of available configurations including:

1. Tri-cycle
2. Standard 
3. Utility
4. Row crop
5. High crop
6. Vegetable
7. Crawler

Not all configurations are available on all models.

A testament to the popularity of the first number series is the impressive production numbers, over 175,000 tractors produced from 1953 to 1956. The breakdown by model and year is as follows.1
1 Mr. Thinker’s John Deere Almanac, Third Edition, Hain Publishing, Inc. 2015.
Model 110 Lawn and Garden Tractor
Key features of the model 110 include:

1. Kohler air-cooled engines
2. 3 or 4 speed transmissions with variable speed control
3. “Triple Safe” electric starting
     a. Transmission must be in neutral, and
     b. Mower (PTO) must be disengaged, and
     c. Key must be turned to start the engine
4. Adjustable rear wheel width

Popular options included:

1. Belly mounted mower deck
2. Front mounted blade
3. Front mounted snowblower 
4. Hydraulic lift (1966)
5. Rear mounted tiller

The first generation of the 110 was produced from 1963 to 1967. The most recognizable feature of this generation is the “round” rear fenders. For 1963 only, the 110 was equipped with fiberglass rear fenders. The 1963 model was also equipped with a 7-horsepower engine. The 1964 to 1967 model 110’s had steel round fenders and an 8-horsepower engine. 

The second generation 110’s were powered by an 8-horsepower engine. They are easily recognized by their one-piece, square shaped, steel fender and seat mount assembly. In 1972 the chassis was strengthened to allow an optional 10-horsepower engine.

Serial Number breaks by year of manufacture.2
Beginning S/N
• John Deere Farm Tractors by Randy Leffingwell, Motorbooks International, 1993

 John Deere Tractors and Equipment, Volume One by Macmillan and Jones, American Society of
   Agricultural Engineers, 1988

 How Johnny Popper Replaced the Horse, Deere & Company, 1988

The model 110 is a 2WD garden tractor manufactured by John Deere in Horicon, Wisconsin. The first 110’s were released in 1963 and production continued through 1974. The designation 110 does not refer horsepower of the series, rather it was selected to be consistent with the New Generation tractor models, such as the 3010 and 4010. 
Model 110 owned by Rick Chase of Fulton, New York